ABN Requirement: No
Synonyms: Immunoreactive Insulin
Volume: 1.0 mL
Minimum Volume: 0.5 mL
Container: Gel-barrier tube (SST, Tiger Top)
- Collect and label sample according to standard protocols.
- Gently invert tube 5 times immediately after draw. DO NOT SHAKE.
- Allow blood to clot 30 minutes.
- Centrifuge for 10 minutes.
Patient Preparation: Overnight fasting is required.
Special Instructions: Samples should not be taken from patients receiving therapy with high biotin doses (>5 mg/day) until at least 8 hours following the last dose.
Transport: Store serum at 2°C to 8°C after collection and ship the same day per packaging instructions included with the provided shipping box.
Ambient (15-25°C): Unacceptable
Refrigerated (2-8°C): 7 days
Frozen (-20°C): 28 days
Causes for Rejection: Samples which are heat-inactivated; specimens other than serum; improper labeling; samples not stored properly; samples older than stability limits; hemolyzed specimens; gross icterus
Methodology: Immunoassay (IA)
Turn Around Time: 1 to 3 days
≤19.6 N/A >19.6
Clinical Significance: Insulin is useful in diagnosing hyperinsulinemia in hypoglycemic patients. Hyperinsulinemia may be due to an insulin-producing tumor (insulinoma), syndrome of insulin resistance, or persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy.
Limitations: Patients who have been regularly exposed to animals or have received immunotherapy or diagnostic procedures utilizing immunoglobulins or immunoglobulin fragments may produce antibodies, e.g. HAMA, that interfere with immunoassays. Additionally, other heterophile antibodies such as human anti-goat antibodies may be present in patient samples. Such interfering antibodies may cause erroneous results. Patients on insulin therapy are prone to the development of anti-insulin antibodies. These antibodies may interfere with the assay. This insulin assay shows strong cross-reactivity for some insulin analogs (lispro, aspart, and glargine) and much lower cross-reactivity with others (detemir, glulisine).
The CPT codes provided are based on AMA guidelines and are for informational purposes only. CPT coding is the sole responsibility of the billing party. Please direct any questions regarding coding to the payer being billed.